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Monday, July 13, 2020 | History

4 edition of Neighborhood effects on crime for female and male youth found in the catalog.

Neighborhood effects on crime for female and male youth

Jeffrey R. Kling

Neighborhood effects on crime for female and male youth

evidence from a randomized housing voucher experiment

by Jeffrey R. Kling

  • 8 Want to read
  • 33 Currently reading

Published by National Bureau of Economic Research in Cambridge, MA .
Written in English

    Places:
  • United States,
  • United States.
    • Subjects:
    • Crime prevention -- Youth participation.,
    • Juvenile delinquency -- Prevention.,
    • Housing policy -- United States -- Evaluation.,
    • Low-income housing -- United States.

    • Edition Notes

      StatementJeffrey R. Kling, Jens Ludwig, Lawrence F. Katz.
      SeriesNBER working paper series ;, working paper 10777, Working paper series (National Bureau of Economic Research : Online) ;, working paper no. 10777.
      ContributionsLudwig, Jens, Katz, Lawrence F., National Bureau of Economic Research.
      Classifications
      LC ClassificationsHB1
      The Physical Object
      FormatElectronic resource
      ID Numbers
      Open LibraryOL3476374M
      LC Control Number2005615856

      Men are much more likely to commit crimes than women (although female crime has been rising faster than male crime since the late 20th century). Men and women also appear to commit different types of crimes (men are much more likely to commit violent crimes, for . Neighborhood Disadvantages, and Resources: A Focus on Inner City Children’s Adjustment,” Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 26 (): ; A. Case and L. Katz, “The Company You Keep: The Effects of Family and Neighborhood on Disadvantaged Youth.” Working paper (Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research, ). 5.

      II. The Neighborhood Crime Panel The role that male youth job opportunity plays in explaining differences in crime across urban neighborhoods is explored using a unique neighborhood crime panel for the Atlanta region. The panel includes 4 years of crime data (–94) for census tracts and employment by place of work for   Crime can affect everyone, both directly and indirectly. Unfortunately, among the number of people who commit crimes, a large number of these are young adults. This is why it is important to understand criminal behavior and the causes of it, with the hope that it is possible to change the factors causing the act to reduce crime. Nevertheless, it is also important to remember that understanding.

      neighborhood rather than the crime rate, might account for such effect more precisely.2 We indeed find that it is the share of convicted youth criminals in the neighborhood that matters for inducing criminal behavior in young men. We find no such effect for other measures of neighborhood crime including the rate of committed crimes, consistent with.   M y new mystery novel, The Last Place You Look, centres on female private investigator Roxane Weary as she re-investigates a year-old murder g crime fiction from a .


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Neighborhood effects on crime for female and male youth by Jeffrey R. Kling Download PDF EPUB FB2

For males the offer to relocate reduces arrests for violent crime, at least in the short run, but increases problem behaviors and property crime arrests. The gender difference in treatment effects seems to reflect differences in how male and female youths from disadvantaged backgrounds adapt and respond to similar new neighborhood by: Neighborhood Effects on Crime for Female and Male Youth: Evidence from a Randomized Housing Voucher Experiment Jeffrey R.

Kling, Jens Ludwig, Lawrence F. Katz. NBER Working Paper No. Issued in September NBER Program(s):Public Economics, ChildrenCited by: years after random assignment the treatment effects for male and female youth diverge in a way not easily captured by the standard theories for neighborhood effects.

Although the beneficial effects on most crime types persist for female youth, property crime arrests become more common for experimental than control group males For males the offer to relocate reduces arrests for violent crime, at least in the short run, but increases problem behaviors and property crime arrests.

The gender difference in treatment effects seems to reflect differ-ences in how male and female youths from disadvantaged backgrounds adapt and respond to similar new neighborhood environments.

NBER WORKING PAPER SERIES NEIGHBORHOOD EFFECTS ON CRIME FOR FEMALE AND MALE YOUTH: EVIDENCE FROM A RANDOMIZED HOUSING VOUCHER EXPERIMENT. By Jeffrey R. Kling, Jens Ludwig and Lawrence F. Katz. Abstract. the Kennedy School, and the NBER. Any findings or conclusions expressed are those of the authors.

The view. Male and female youth crime in Canadian communities: Assessing the applicability of social disorganization theory. Neighborhood effects on crime for female and male youth: Evidence from a randomized housing voucher experiment. The Quarterly Journal of Economics. Jeffrey R. Kling & Jens Ludwig & Lawrence F.

Katz, " Neighborhood Effects on Crime for Female and Male Youth: Evidence from a Randomized Housing Voucher Experiment," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. (1), pages Jeffrey R. Kling & Jens Ludwig & Lawrence F.

Katz,   Kling, J. R., J. Ludwig and L. Katz (). "Neighborhood Effects on Crime for Female and Male Youth: Evidence from a Randomized Housing Voucher Experiment".

The Quarterly Journal of Economics, (1), Kling, J. and M. Votruba (). "Effects of Neighborhood Characteristics on the Mortality of Black Male Youth: Evidence from Gautreaux".

Beneficial effects for female youth on education, risky behavior, and physical health were offset by adverse effects for male youth. For outcomes that exhibit significant treatment effects, we find, using variation in treatment intensity across voucher types and cities, that the relationship between neighborhood poverty rate and outcomes is.

Yet despite the relatively small numbers in custody, crime among young women is soaring. Last month, YJB figures revealed that the number of violent attacks by girls dealt with by youth.

Kling JR, Ludwig J, Katz LF. Neighborhood Effects on Crime for Female and Male Youth: Evidence from a Randomized Housing Mobility Experiment. Quarterly Journal of Economics. ; Get this from a library. Neighborhood effects on crime for female and male youth: evidence from a randomized housing voucher experiment.

[Jeffrey R Kling; Jens Ludwig; Lawrence F Katz; National Bureau of Economic Research.] -- "The Moving to Opportunity (MTO) demonstration assigned housing vouchers via random lottery to public housing residents in five cities.

standard theories for neighborhood effects. Although the benefi-cial effects on most crime types persist for female youth, property crime arrests become more common for experimental than control group males.8 These gender differences in estimated neighborhood effects for crime—also found in recent MTO research on mental and physical health, education, and substance use [Kling and Lieb.

the increase in single-parent, usually female-headed, families; the relation of male joblessness to social disorganization and rational planning for families and youth; easy access to illegal drugs and guns; rising rates of youth crime and juvenile detention; and; the role of illegal or underground economies in providing for basic goods and.

BibTeX @MISC{Kling04nberworking, author = {Jeffrey R. Kling and Jens Ludwig and Lawrence F. Katz}, title = {NBER WORKING PAPER SERIES NEIGHBORHOOD EFFECTS ON CRIME FOR FEMALE AND MALE YOUTH: EVIDENCE FROM A RANDOMIZED HOUSING VOUCHER EXPERIMENT}, year =.

It seems obvious that a person's residential neighborhood will influence their sense of well-being, but it has been difficult to nail down cause and effect. Ludwig et al. [][1]; see the Perspective by [Sampson][2]) describe the analysis, 10 to 15 years onward, of a large-scale social experiment carried out in five U.S.

cities in the mid s. Neighborhood Effects on Crime for Female and Male Youth: Evidence from a Randomized Housing Voucher Experiment. Quarterly Journal of Economics, (1), 87– Google Scholar. It is important to note the following: No single risk factor leads a young person to delinquency.

Risk factors “do not operate in isolation and typically are cumulative: the more risk factors that [youth] are exposed to, the greater likelihood that they will experience negative outcomes, including delinquency.” 4 When the risk factors a youth is exposed to cross multiple domains, the.

One of the most consistent findings in crime research has been the variation in offending over age, described as the age–crime curve. 1 In the age–crime curve for violence, prevalence increases in early adolescence, peaks in the late teens, and decreases more slowly into older ages.

1 The same curve properties have been observed in longitudinal data for individuals and cross-sectional. Caetano R, Ramisetty-Mikler S, Harris TR.

Neighborhood Characteristics as Predictors of Male to Female and Female to Male Partner Violence. J Interpers Violence [PMC free article] Carmen EH, Rieker PP, Mills T. Victims of violence and psychiatric illness. Am J Psychiatry.

; (3)–. Crime and security on college campuses have received increasingly widespread attention in light of several recent, high-profile events.

This study examines the relationship between victimization and fear of crime in a sample of college students, filling gaps in the literature by addressing key issues related to gender differences in fear.

A sample of young adults was asked about prior.3) Jennifer Schwartz, “Effects of Diverse Forms of Family Structure on Female and Male Homicide,” Journal of Marriage and Fam no. 5 (): pp. 4) C. Knoester, & D.A. Hayne, “Community Context, Social Integration Into Family, and Youth Violence,” Journal of Marriage and Fam (): Neighborhood socioeconomic disadvantage also appears to be related to rates of intimate male and the female are asked if during the past year arguments became physical and, if yes, Sampson and Wilson () argue that the crime-related effects of community disadvantage are not linear across levels of disadvantage.

Rather, they tend only.